Saturday, November 3, 2018


Lucifer, An Angel Becomes a Devil - In the belief of Christianity, Lucifer is a name that is often given to Satan because of certain interpretations of a verse in the Book of Isaiah. Specifically, it is believed that Lucifer was the name of a Devil who was previously an Angel, but he was expelled from heaven.

In Latin, the word "Lucifer" which means "Carrier of Light" (from lux, lucis, "light", and "ferre", "carry"), is a name for "Morning Star" (planet Venus when it appears at dawn ). The Vulgate Version of the Other Bible uses this word twice to refer to the Morning Star: once in 2 Peter 1:19 to translate the Greek word "Φωσφόρος" (Fosforos), which has the literal meaning exactly the same as "Carrier of Light" "Lucifer" in Latin; and once in Isaiah 14:12 to translate "הילל" (Hêlēl), which also means "Morning Star".

In the verse which later the name "Morning Star" was given to the despotic Babylonian king. This verse was later given to the demon king, and thus the name "Lucifer" was later used for Satan, and was popularized in works such as "Inferno" by Dante and Milton Lost, but for English users, the biggest influence was due to this name is used in the King James Version of the Bible, while other English versions translate it as "Morning Star".

In the story of Creation, it is written as follows: "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth" (Gen. 1: 1).  Then "heaven" here includes all the inhabitants of heaven, namely angels. Some of the angels then rejects God, which was pioneered by Lucifer, we can see this rejection story in Isa. 14: 12-15: "Wow, you have fallen from heaven, O star of the east (Lucifer), son of Dawn, you have been broken and fallen to earth, you who defeat the nations! You who said to your heart ".

I will ascend into heaven, I will set up my throne above the stars of God, and I will sit on the hill of the meeting, far north. I want to rise above the height of the clouds, to match the Most High!

On the contrary, into the world of the dead you are sent down, to the deepest place in the grave. "

Although in this parable the Isaiah used the expression Lucifer (translated as the Eastern Star) to describe the Babylonian King, but the Church Fathers taught this verse also to explain the rebellion of a number of angels to God, led by Lucifer.

So Lucifer's biggest sin is the desire to be independent of God and to be equal to God. So according to St. Thomas Aquinas the first sin of Satan is pride (the sin of pride). Angels are also created perfectly, as pure spiritual beings (without bodies); and each of them is also given the opportunity by God to choose or reject God. Because of their perfection as spiritual beings, the consequences of their choices reject God, making them separate from God, and this separation situation is called hell.

Only after the fall of some of these angels into their own chosen hell, the creation of the universe and the world occur. At the end of the creation of the world, the first humans (Adam and Eve) were created, followed by their fall into the first sin. As with the sins of Lucifer and his followers, the first human sin is pride, wanting to be a god, determining what is good and evil. Then, about the events of the fall of angels, it is also told in the book of Revelation (Rev. 12: 7-9).

Isaiah 14:12:

New Translation: 'Wow, you have fallen from the sky, O Star of the East, son of Dawn, you have been broken and fallen to earth, you who defeated the nations! "

Hebrew (from right to left) אֵיךְ נָפַלְתָּ מִשָּׁמַיִם הֵילֵל בֶּן־שָׁחַר נִגְדַּעְתָּ לָאָרֶץ חֹולֵשׁ עַל־גֹּויִֽם׃ Interlinear transliteration: 'ÊYKH {O} NÂFALET {you fall} MISYÂMAYIM {from the sky} HÊYLÊY {east star} BEN-SYÂKHAR {child dawn} NIGEDA'ET {you were cut} L'RETS {to earth} KHLLSY {you beat} 'AL-GÕYIM {over the nations}.

The word "Lucifer" was used by Jerome in the fourth century when translating the Vulgate (Latin Bible). The Hebrew phrase "HEYLEL BEN-SYAKHAR"; "HEYLEL" is the Hebrew word for "Eastern star" aka planet Venus, while "BEN-SYAKHAR" is literally "son (son) Fajar".

Vulgate Bible

"quomodo cecidisti de caelo lucifer in mane oriebaris corruisti in terram qui vulnerabas gentes". The word "Lucifer" appears in Bible translations such as the King James Version / Douay Rheims / Darby, probably absorbed from the Latin Bible (Vulgate).

King James Version (KJV):

"How art is fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How do you cut down to the ground, which doesn't weaken the nations!"

Douay Rheims:

"How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, who did rise in the morning? How did you fall to earth, that did wound the nations?


"How art is fallen from heaven, Lucifer, son of the morning! Thou art cut down to the ground, that doesn't prostrate the nations!"

In other English translations, for example "New International Version (NIV)" the word Lucifer is not found. The absence of the word "Lucifer" is related to the "King James Only Movement" which states that the modern Bible except the King Bible James in 1611 was a product that had been damaged and could not be trusted completely.

New International Version:

"How do you have fallen from heaven, O morning star, son of the dawn! You have been cast down to earth, you who are once laid low the nations!"

Young's Literal Translation:

"How hast thou is fallen from the heavens, O shining one, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to earth, O weakener of nations".

The Hebrew Masora text only writes HEYLEL from the word HALAL, "praise". In that verse the word devil is not found (Hebrew: "Satan"). The Indonesian word "devil" is only found in the New Testament.

There is no word "Lucifer" in the Greek New Testament or the Hebrew Bible. The word Lucifer is the word translation, not a word in the original language of the Bible. Other translations, from Jewish sources, such as the Hebrew Names Version (HNV) of the World English Bible, also do not use the word "Lucifer".

Hebrew Names Version of the World English Bible:

"Heylel, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, who laid the nations low!"

Jewish Publication society Tanakh:

"How art thou is fallen from heaven, O day-star, son of the morning! How do you cut down to the ground, that didst cast lots over the nations!"

The Orthodox Jewish Bible:

"How do you fall from Shomayim, O Heilel Ben Shachar! How come you are cast down to the earth, thou, which hast laid low the Goyim!"

So it is clear, that the word Lucifer is a translation in Latin, used in the Vulgate, Latin Bible. If we read the context of Isaiah 14: 1-23, this verse about Lucifer refers to the king of Babel:

Some say Nebuchadnezzar.

Some say there is a Babylonian king named Heylel bin Syakhar.

The Septuagint Translation (LXX, in Greek) for verse Isaiah 14:12:


"πως εξεπεσεν εκ του ουρανου ο εωσφορος ο πρωι ανατελλων συνετριβη εις την γην ο αποστελλων προς παντα τα εθνη

Transliteration: pôs exepesen ek tou ouranou ho heôsphoros ho proi anatellôn sunetribê eis tên gên ho apostellôn pros nanta ta ethnê "

The Septuagint translates "ho heosphoros ho proi"; "heos" means "to; until", "phoros" means "light" and "proi" is "early morning".

Lucifer's relationship with devils

Some interpreters assume that these verses not only refer to the king of Babylon, but also contain a veiled reference to Satan. They relate this to the statement of Jesus Christ below:

Luke 10:18:

Then Jesus said to them: "I saw Satan fall like lightning from the sky."

Textus Receptus: ειπεν δε αυτοις εθεωρουν τον σαταναν ως αστραπην εκ του ουρανου πεσοντα

Interlinear transliteration: eipen {He said} de {again} autois {to them} etheôroun {I see} tons of satanan {Satan or Devil} hôs {like} astrapên {lightning} ek {out of} tou ouranou {langit} pesonta { falling down}

The next question is whether Lucifer is the highest angel?

According to the language used in Isa. 14 and Ezek. 28, Lucifer is indeed described as an angel who has a high level at the level of angels. Many theologians say that before his fall, Lucifer was the highest among the angels. According to Suarez, this can mean that there is nothing higher than Lucifer, but many angels are on par with him. However, this view is only the "opinion" of the experts of the Scriptures, because according to another view, Lucifer is not even included in the ranks of the highest angel of Seraphim, Cherubim and Holy See.

Whatever the level of Lucifer, we can see that Lucifer occupies a fairly high level, seen from the many other angels who followed him. So according to the Church Fathers, Lucifer is not the name of the Devil, but only describes his condition before his fall. (Petavius, De Angelis, III, iii, 4).

"Satan and his angels" (Mt 25:41), "the dragon and its angels" (Rev 12: 7). St. Gregory says that Satan is the head of all evil, and all evil are members. (Hom. 16, in Evangel.)

To deal with all this evil power, the Apostle Paul taught, "Wear all the armor of God, so that you may endure the wiles of the devil ... So stand tall, bond with the truth and dress up in justice, your feet are ready to preach the gospel of peace; in all circumstances use the shield of faith, for with that shield you will be able to extinguish all the arrows of fire from the evil one, and accept the helmet of safety and the sword of the Spirit, the word of God, in all prayers and supplications ... "(Eph 6:11, 14- 18)

Is it true that Lucifer is a fallen angel before human creation and a devil? Even though it is not written explicitly in Genesis, we might conclude it that way.


Post a Comment

About Us | Contact